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Table 7a. Anticoagulant Therapy: Selected Clinical Data

Last Updated: September 26, 2022

The clinical trials described in this table do not represent all the trials that the Panel reviewed while developing the recommendations for antithrombotic therapy. The studies summarized below are those that have had the greatest impact on the Panel’s recommendations.

Table 7a. Anticoagulant Therapy: Selected Clinical Data
Table 7a. Anticoagulant Therapy: Selected Clinical Data

References

  1. ATTACC Investigators, ACTIV-4a Investigators, REMAP-CAP Investigators, et al. Therapeutic anticoagulation with heparin in noncritically ill patients with COVID-19. N Engl J Med. 2021;385(9):790-802. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34351721.
  2. Sholzberg M, Tang GH, Rahhal H, et al. Effectiveness of therapeutic heparin versus prophylactic heparin on death, mechanical ventilation, or intensive care unit admission in moderately ill patients with COVID-19 admitted to hospital: RAPID randomised clinical trial. BMJ. 2021;375:n2400. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34649864.
  3. Spyropoulos AC, Goldin M, Giannis D, et al. Efficacy and safety of therapeutic-dose heparin vs standard prophylactic or intermediate-dose heparins for thromboprophylaxis in high-risk hospitalized patients with COVID-19: the HEP-COVID randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2021;181(12):1612-1620. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34617959.
  4. Lopes RD, de Barros ESPGM, Furtado RHM, et al. Therapeutic versus prophylactic anticoagulation for patients admitted to hospital with COVID-19 and elevated D-dimer concentration (ACTION): an open-label, multicentre, randomised, controlled trial. Lancet. 2021;397(10291):2253-2263. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34097856.
  5. REMAP-CAP Investigators, ACTIV-4a Investigators, ATTACC Investigators, et al. Therapeutic anticoagulation with heparin in critically ill patients with COVID-19. N Engl J Med. 2021;385(9):777-789. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34351722.
  6. INSPIRATION Investigators, Sadeghipour P, Talasaz AH, et al. Effect of intermediate-dose vs standard-dose prophylactic anticoagulation on thrombotic events, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation treatment, or mortality among patients with COVID-19 admitted to the intensive care unit: the INSPIRATION randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2021;325(16):1620-1630. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33734299.
  7. Barco S, Voci D, Held U, et al. Enoxaparin for primary thromboprophylaxis in symptomatic outpatients with COVID-19 (OVID): a randomised, open-label, parallel-group, multicentre, Phase 3 trial. Lancet Haematol. 2022;9(8):e585-e593. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35779558.
  8. Cools F, Virdone S, Sawhney J, et al. Thromboprophylactic low-molecular-weight heparin versus standard of care in unvaccinated, at-risk outpatients with COVID-19 (ETHIC): an open-label, multicentre, randomised, controlled, Phase 3b trial. Lancet Haematol. 2022;9(8):e594-e604. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35779560.